1. Poverty – Pupils living at or below poverty level tend to have the highest dropout rates. Poverty also causes pupil’s absenteeism and forces them to work and earn a living to sustain their daily needs. Pupils who do not get enough food or sleep are less likely to perform at their full academic potential in school.
  2. Family Factors – Issues at home has an impact on pupil’s academic performance. Issues like annulled/divorced parents, single parents, poverty, and violence are challenges that a pupil bring to school.
  3. Technology – Pupil’s love of technology like I pad, laptop, computer and other gadgets also tends to distract pupils from school work. It is difficult for the teachers to keep pupils interest and attention to properly teach new concept without using technologies. Teachers are engaged in Computer Literacy Training Program to bring education and technology together to attain quality education.
  4. Bullying – Some pupils experience different types of bullying in school. It can be physical or verbal bullying. It is not a new problem but it is one that has a strong impact on the learning of many pupils today. Bullying also affects pupil’s sense of security, health and sometimes victims are suffered from depression. They also experience psychological distress and can’t concentrate on schoolwork.
  5. Parent Involvement – Some parents won’t be seen for the whole school year, no matter what problems about their children might encounter. Lack of parent’s involvement in school was one of the most serious school problems because they don’t even monitor their child’s situation/problem in school.
  6. Pupils attitudes – Disrespect for teachers is the one of a major problem facing schools today. Issues like absenteeism, tardiness, and disrespect were seen more frequently on higher level than in primary level. It is the right time for the principals, teachers, parents to work together to find solution for the benefits of all pupils.
  7. School distance from Home – Being late or number of absenteeism caused by far distance of home from school. Some leave in far distant hills or mountains and took several hours walking or riding a bicycle or motorcycle. Some needs to ride a boat or trek a cliff and river.
  8. Hygiene and Nutrition – you will notice the student in poor nutrition is inactive in school activities even in discussions. Some of them finished the day just sitting and listening without any participations. Lack of personal hygiene even it was taught in the school. Parents should always consider it as their daily routine for their children before coming to school.
  9. School Supplies and Resources – being in a modern technology of teachings and many new gadgets and equipment invented still many of public school are not evenly received or distributed. Some still doing the old style one book for two or three students. A common chair for two person but three, a share room with blackboard in the middle as a division.
  10. Teachers and Pupils Ratio – A big size of 55 students in one teacher do you think a perfect ratio for a good quality of education? A teacher cannot accommodate the inquiry or questions of the students in this size. You cannot even hear the voice of the teacher at the back row and the focuses of discussion was not equally heard and understand. In some case blurred visions and with hearing impaired should be given a sit in the front.

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